GSM-based mobile communication in Turkey began when Turkcell commenced operations in February 1994
GSM-based mobile communication in Turkey began when Turkcell commenced operations in February 1994. Turkcell then signed a 25-year GSM license contract with the Ministry of Transportation on April 27, 1998. Since then, it has continuously increased the variety of its services based on mobile voice and data communication, as well as on its quality levels, and as a result, its number of subscribers. Turkcell's shares have been traded on the Borsa Istanbul (BIST) and New York Stock Exchanges (NYSE) since July 11, 2000, and it is the first and only Turkish company be listed on the latter exchange. Turkcell is also quoted on the Borsa Istanbul Sustainability Index.
As of 2015, Turkcell’s target has been to become an integrated communication and technology services player in the region, operating a converged mobile and fixed network platform and offering a wide range of innovative products and services. Turkcell believes that it is important to offer our consumer and corporate customers the full range of our mobile, fixed and broadband services to meet their expectations.
Turkcell also has investments abroad. Turkcell conducts its mobile operations in growing markets like Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Moldova and Georgia through its subsidiary Fintur, in which Turkcell holds a 41.45% stake. KKTCell, a 100%-owned subsidiary of Turkcell, was established in 1999 and operates within the framework of a revenue-sharing agreement with the Telecommunications Authority of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
Astelit, a company in Ukraine in which Turkcell holds a 100% stake, began operating in February 2005 under the brand life:). Turkcell acquired an 80% stake in BeST from the State Committee on Property of the Republic of Belarus in 2008.
Turkcell has been present in Germany with the Turkcell Europe brand since 2011, and continues operations in that country through a marketing partnership with a subsidiary of Deutsche Telecom.
Turkcell was one of the first among the global operators to have implemented HSPA+. It has announced two new HSPA+ Technologies on its 3G network to meet rising data usage. Having successfully integrated 3C-HSDPA and DC-HSUPA Technologies, it became the first mobile operator in the world to enable a peak downlink speed of 63.3 Mbps, while also enabling an 11.5 Mbps uplink on a 3G network. Turkcell is the first telecom operator in Turkey to offer households fiber broadband connection at speeds of up to 1,000 Mbps. Turkcell, with its wide coverage area and diverse range of services abroad, is therefore, able to provide its subscribers with mobile communication services, both in Turkey and around the world.